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What is gout?

Gout is characterized by redness, sudden pain and tenderness in joints, often at the base of the big toe.

What causes gout?

Gout occurs when uric acid builds up and forms sharp, needle-like crystals in a joint. Because uric acid is normally passed through healthy kidneys into urine, it’s often a side effect of kidney disease.

What are symptoms of gout?

Intense pain, lingering discomfort, inflammation and a limited range of motion are all signs of gout when they occur at joints. These symptoms often occur suddenly and without warning.

How is gout treated?

Gout treatment usually involves medications to treat acute attacks, prevent future ones and reduce the risk of complications from gout. Some medications block uric acid production, while others improve its removal.