What is hypertension?
Often referred to as high blood pressure, hypertension occurs when the pressure of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels increases. It can lead to heart attacks, strokes and chronic kidney disease.
What causes hypertension?
Hypertension is often genetic. Other causes include obstructive sleep apnea, thyroid problems, medications like birth control pills and decongestants -- among others. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has also been shown to cause hypertension.
What are symptoms of hypertension?
Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels.
How is hypertension treated?
A healthy diet, regular exercise and healthy lifestyle choices are the best treatments for hypertension. In addition, medication is sometimes used to help lower blood pressure.